SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
SPECIAL CAMP 11

3rd March 1943
NOTE: The metal Edelweiss flower pinned to the side of his mountain cap. This was worn in conjunction with the Edelweiss arm patch by all German mountain infantry troops. (See pictures below)

Böhme’s prisoner of war photograph from the Public Relations Photo Section, Office of the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes, Nürnberg, Germany


NAME:
General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Friedrich Böhme

PW NO:          B560393

RANK:            General der Gebirgstruppe

CAPTURED:   Norway

DATE:             16 Oct 1945

 

PERSONAL
DATE OF BIRTH:     15 April 1885

PLACE OF BIRTH:   Zeltweg/Kreis Judenburg/Steiermark/Austria

DATE OF DEATH:    29 May 1947 (committed suicide in prison)

PLACE OF DEATH:  Nürnberg, Germany

NATIONALITY:       Austrian

RELIGION:                Roman Catholic

OCCUPATION:        Regular Soldier

HEIGHT:                    5’ 10 ½”

WEIGHT:                   176 lbs.

HAIR COLOUR:        Grey

EYE COLOUR:          Blue-Grey
NEXT OF KIN:          British Zone of Austria

Parents: Ernst Friedrich and Maria Ludmilla (née Stremayr) Böhme, died 1902 and 1903 respectively in Leoben, Steiermark.

Wife: Married Romana Maria Hüller von Hüllenried (daughter of Generalmajor Karl Rudolf Hüller von Hüllenried) on 29 June 1929 in Graz.

Brother: Ernst Böhme, State Councillor in Bruck am Mur.

Promotions:

Commands & Assignments:

Date: Unknown

1942 / 1943
NOTE: The "Gebirgsjäger" (Mountain Infantry) arm patch (his right sleeve) was unique to German mountain troops and depicted an Edelweiss flower surrounded by a mountain climbing rope and pitons. The Edelweiss flower is unique to the alpine regions of Europe and has long been associated with German mountain troops. Indeed, the mountain troops of today's German Federal Army still wear this patch
June 1943

  • 16 September 1941-2 December 1941: At the same time, Commanding General and Commander of Serbia.
  • 10 December 1943: Deputy Commanding General of the XVIII Army Corps and Commander of Wehrkreis [Military District] XVIII, Salzburg.
  • 24 June 1944: Delegated with the leadership of the 2nd Panzer Army in the Balkans. [Böhme succeeded Generaloberst Dr. jur. Lothar Rendulic to command of the 2nd Panzer Army.]
  • 15 July 1944: Badly injured in a flying accident in a Fieseler Storch aircraft.
  • 18 July 1944: Transferred to Army High Command Leader Reserve. [General der Artillerie Maximilian de Angelis succeeded Böhme to command of the 2nd Panzer Army.]
  • 8 January 1945-16 October 1945: Armed Forces Commander of Norway and Commander-in-Chief of the 20th Mountain Army. [Böhme succeeded Generaloberst Dr. jur. Lothar Rendulic in both duty positions.]
  • 16 October 1945-29 May 1947: Prisoner of war in British and then Allied captivity.
    • 9 January 1946: Transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1.
    • 26 July 1946: Transferred to the London District Cage (LDC) from Island Farm Special Camp 11.
    • 18 September 1946: Transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from the LDC.
  • 29 May 1947: Committed suicide by jumping from the fourth floor of Nürnberg Prison.
Click To Enlarge

An interesting letter, in German, from Bohme...his hand writing is pretty legible! It appears he sent this letter to the International Military Court (that would eventually try him) with the intent of establishing certain facts about his career. He opens (roughly) with "I, Franz Bohme, an Austrian holding the rank of General der Gebirgstruppe in the German Armed Forces." He made sure to state he was an Austrian ! He goes on to say that from 21 June 1944 to 10 July 1944, he was delegated with leadership of the 2d Panzer Army but then had an accident (see his profile). From 18 January 1945 until the ceasefire on 8 May 1945, he was Commander-in-Chief of the 20th Mountain Army and Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief of Norway. I think he also states that his career information can be checked in his personnel record (he was probably reciting these dates from memory...he was pretty accurate too!).

Postwar Prosecution:

Placed on trial by U.S. Military Tribunal, Nürnberg (Case No. 7, “Hostages Trial,” 8 July 1947 to 19 February 1948) for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Serbia. However, Böhme committed suicide prior to his arraignment. See the “Web Genocide Centre” internet web site for a transcript of the Hostages Trial at http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/genocide/

Below is an extract from the Web Genocide Centre:

“On 16th September, 1941, Hitler, in a personally signed order, charged the defendant Wilhelm List with the task of suppressing the insurgent movement in the Southeast. This resulted in the commissioning of General Franz Boehme with the handling of military affairs in Serbia and in the transfer of the entire executive power in Serbia to him. This delegation of authority was done on the recommendation and request of the defendant List to whom Boehme remained subordinate. Boehme was shown to have issued orders, dated 25th September and 10th October, 1941, to the units under his command in which he ordered that "the whole population” of Serbia must be hit severely ; and that "In all commands in Serbia all Communists, male residents suspicious as such, all Jews, a certain number of nationalistic and democratically inclined residents are to be arrested as hostages, by means of sudden actions,” and "If losses of German soldiers or Volksdeutsche occur, the territorial competent commanders up to the regiment commanders are to decree the shooting of arrestees according to the following quotas : (a) For each killed or murdered German soldier or Volksdeutsche (men, women or children) one hundred prisoners or hostages, (b) For each wounded German soldier or Volksdeutsche 50 prisoners or hostages.”

Decorations & Awards:

General der Gebirgstruppe Böhme’s World War I Combat Service Record:

Sources:

  • Blau, George E. The German Campaign in the Balkans (Spring 1941). U.S. Department of the Army. Historical Study, Pamphlet No. 20-260, November 1953.
  • Bradley, Dermot; Hildebrand, Karl-Friedrich; Rövekamp, Markus. Die Generale des Heeres, 1921-1945, Band 2 (v. Blanckensee-v. Czettritz und Neuhauß). Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, Germany, 1993.
  • Kennedy, Robert M.  Hold the Balkans! German Antiguerrilla Operations in the Balkans (1941-1944). White Maine Books, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, 2000 (reprint of the of the original 1954 U.S. Army historical study) – Companion volume to The German Campaign in the Balkans (Spring 1941).
  • Mehner, Kurt. Die deutsche Wehrmacht 1939-1945: Führung und Truppe. Militair-Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, Germany, 1993.
  • Ziemke, Earl F. The German Northern Theater of Operations, 1940-1945. Department of the Army Pamphlet No. 20-271, Washington, D.C., 1959.
  • Personal-Nachweis/Dienstlaufbahn for General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme detailing his military career from 1 October 1900-16 March 1938.
  • Prisoner of War File Card for General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme prepared by Captain Edward “Ted” Lees, camp intelligence officer and interrogator, Island Farm Special Camp 11.

Click here to see a photo of General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme (Franz Boehme) in the company of fellow prisoners of war at Island Farm.

PREVIOUS PAGE        NEXT PAGE          TITLE PAGE